In a span of fifty years, we have changed our relationship to space several times (chapter 3, no 6.)

1- Internet 1

Around 1970, everyone sensed that the Internet was changing our relationship with the real world: now, it is claimed that all users have access to the same news, services and online libraries. Then new email and office productivity capabilities were discovered.

2- Internet 2

Now always-on and connected to the office and each other by computer, we can telecommute from home or on the road. It is believed that distances have been abolished. And, we are discovering that with this system we can choose the services desired. We have moved into an era of customization and personalization.

3- Mobile communications devices

Smart phones and tablets do not indicate the end of geographical space (as some have claimed), but rather the start of the era of services through the conjoining of four elements : touch screen, city maps displayed on the screen, GPS and local applications (chapter 5, no 8) :

In 2017, the volume of mobile traffic will be 21 times larger than it was in 2011. Obviously, the immediate future is mobile (Report Ericsson in October 2013) (same exponential curve since the beginning) :

The cellphone ? The world in your pocket :

The Economist, October 27, 2012

Mobile communications give the user an illusion of freedom, or of living in a cyberspace that reaches around the planet (in fact, it is the opposite: it serves mainly localized niches). It also gives the illusion of having access to all knowledge at one’s fingertips (in fact, closer to only 30% of all knowledge).

It is creating new applications that will give rise to a local economy. It has also created an industry focused on surveillance and spying on citizens.